Anyone can suffer from broken thread veins – they can appear on any part of the body and can cause distress if patients perceive them to be unsightly when they appear in exposed areas. Broken veins are also known as spider veins or dermal flares.
Only small leg thread veins can be treated by Micro-Sclerotherapy. Thread veins are <2 mm in diameter, are very near to the surface of the skin and are red, blue or purplish in colour. Varicose veins cannot be treated with this method of removal.
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Micro-Sclerotherapy – What happens during treatment?
A tiny sterile needle containing a drop of ‘sclerosing’ solution is injected into the thread vein. The solution enters the vein and causes it to blanche and tingle for a second or two. Redness can increase in the area of treatment as the lining of the vein is irritated. After a short while the sides of the thread vein will either collapse, or swell and stick together, sealing off the vein and preventing the passage of more blood. The tiny sealed vein is absorbed by the body over time.
This ‘closing down’ process can continue for several weeks or even months after the final treatment. At Good Skin Days we use medical grade hypertonic saline (salt) solution (very low risk of allergic reactions) or a medical grade glycerin solution (fewer side effects). The type of sclerosing solution used will be discussed with each patient.
After injection, compression is applied to the treated area using dressings, which causes the sclerosing solution to stay within the treated vessels. There may be some discomfort or burning at the injection site following the treatment and some clients experience restlessness in their legs during the first few nights after treatment, which is due to the swelling of the walls of the veins.
For a month or so, the vessels will appear more prominent until the veins are reabsorbed. The treated injection sites may look like insect bites and can occasionally itch. The veins gradually begin to fade and will continue to improve for up to 8 weeks. After this time, a brownish discolouration of the skin may remain, which can take months to fade away.
Treatments usually take between 30 and 45 minutes. Many clients will see some improvement after just one treatment. In practice, clients usually require between 2-6 treatments at 4-8 week intervals depending on the number of vessels being treated.
Which areas can be treated?
Micro-sclerotherapy is specifically designed to treat leg thread veins. The ankles cannot be treated.
Does the procedure hurt?
As the needles used are incredibly small, the injections are virtually painless. Discomfort is more likely after the actual treatment has taken place.
What will the results be?
Most patients will see some improvement after just one treatment. In practice, patients usually require between 2-6 treatments at 8 week intervals depending on the number of vessels being treated.
What are the possible side effects?
- Discomfort or burning at injection site following treatment
- Restless legs for a few nights
- Initial increase in appearance of veins, until reabsorbtion occurs
- ‘Insect bite’ appearance that may itch (temporary)
- Longer term discolouration of the skin which will fade over time
- Phlebitis is a rare complication of Micro-Sclerotherapy
What aftercare will I receive?
Aftercare for Micro-Sclerotherapy is advice based. As detailed above, there are certain activities that should be avoided and other information that is important to note. Please read the full details outlined above if you are to be treated with Micro-Sclerotherapy.
Your treatment plan will be assessed each time you visit the Clinic.